Explaining international sporting success: an international comparison of elite sport systems and policies in six countries
Sport Management Review, Vol. 12, No. 3, p.113-. ISSN 1441-3523.
de Bosscher, Veerle; de Knop, Paul; van Bottenburg, M.; Shibli, Simon; Bingham, Jerry
The aim of this article is to explore the relationship between elite sport policy systems
(inputs and throughputs) and success in international competitions (outputs). A
conceptual model of the sports policy factors, which lead to international sporting
success, was implemented in an empirical environment in a pilot study with six nations.
The study has sought to operationalise nine pillars, or key drivers in elite sport systems,
into measurable concepts, which can be aggregated into an overall score for each pillar. In
addition to a national sport policy questionnaire, athletes, coaches and performance
directors were also involved in the collection of qualitative and quantitative data.
Although the results are inconclusive, the findings suggest that some pillars could be
regarded as possible drivers of an effective system because they were prioritised in the
most successful sample nations: financial resources (pillar 1), athletic and post-career
support (pillar 5), training facilities (pillar 6) and coach development (partly pillar 7).