Mimicking the silicon surface: reactivity of silyl radical cations toward nucleophiles (2011)

Titel Mimicking the silicon surface: reactivity of silyl radical cations toward nucleophiles
Gepubliceerd in Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, No. 13, p.4998-5008. ISSN 0002-7863.
Auteur Rijksen, B.M.G.; Lagen, van B.; Zuilhof, H.
Datum 2011
Trefwoord(en) Laboratorium voor Organische chemie, Laboratory for Organic Chemistry
Taal Engels
Type Artikel
Samenvatting Radical cations of selected low molecular-weight silicon model compounds were obtained by photoinduced electron transfer. These radical cations react readily with a variety of nucleophiles, regularly used in monolayer fabrication onto hydrogen-terminated silicon. From time-resolved kinetics, it was concluded that the reactions proceed via a bimolecular nucleophilic attack to the radical cation. A secondary kinetic isotope effect indicated that the central Si−H bond is not cleaved in the rate-determining step. Apart from substitution products, also hydrosilylation products were identified in the product mixtures. Observation of the substitution products, combined with the kinetic data, point to an bimolecular reaction mechanism involving Si−Si bond cleavage. The products of this nucleophilic substitution can initiate radical chain reactions leading to hydrosilylation products, which can independently also be initiated by dissociation of the radical cations. Application of these data to the attachment of organic monolayers onto hydrogen-terminated Si surfaces via hydrosilylation leads to the conclusion that the delocalized Si radical cation (a surface-localized hole) can initiate the hydrosilylation chain reaction at the Si surface. Comparison to monolayer experiments shows that this reaction only plays a significant role in the initiation, and not in the propagation steps of Si−C bond making monolayer formation
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Persistent Identifier urn:nbn:nl:ui:32-404987
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Bron Wageningen Universiteit & Researchcentrum

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