entrepreneurship, performance, social capital, start-ups, small business, human capital
We investigate the manifold posed question: "To what extent does investment in human and social capital, besides the effect of "talent", enhance entrepreneurial performance?". We distinguish between three different performance measures: survival, profits, and generated employment. On the basis of the empirical analysis of a rich Dutch longitudinal data set of firm founders, we conclude that specific investments indeed affect the three performance measures sub- stantially and significantly. Specific attention is paid to the unobserved talent bias. Moreover, the effect of the emergence of so called "knowledge industries" is explored.