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How perspective-taking helps and hinders group-based guilt as a... (2009)

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Title How perspective-taking helps and hinders group-based guilt as a function of group identification
Published in Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, Vol. 12, No. 1, p.61-78. ISSN 13684302.
Author S. Zebel; B. Doosje; R. Spears
Degree grantor Universiteit van Amsterdam
Date 2009
Type Article
Abstract In two studies we hypothesized that outgroup perspective-taking promotes group-based guilt among weakly identifi ed perpetrator group members, but hinders it among higher identifiers. In Study 1, native Dutch participants (N = 153) confronted their group’s past mistreatment of outgroups, while perspective-taking was manipulated. This manipulation significantly increased guilt among lower identifi ers, but decreased guilt among higher identifi ers. In addition, guilt predicted positively participants’ support for reparation. In Study 2 (N = 217), we replicated this interaction and elaborated on its underlying processes. As predicted, perspective-taking positively predicted feelings of compassion for outgroup members, as well as the perceived responsibility of the ingroup for the harm infl icted. Path analyses indicated the dual role of compassion: it predicted guilt positively among lower identifiers, but negatively among higher identifiers. The double-edged potential of perspective-taking for improving relations between groups that have a history on conflict is discussed.
Publication http://hdl.handle.net/11245/1.312253
OpenURL Search this publication in (your) library
Persistent Identifier urn:nbn:nl:ui:29-326232
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Repository University of Amsterdam

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