Genome sequence and analysis of the tuber crop potato (2011)

Title Genome sequence and analysis of the tuber crop potato
Published in Nature, Vol. 475, p.189-195. ISSN 0028-0836.
Author Xu, X.; Pan, S.K.; Cheng, S.F.; Zhang, B.; Bachem, C.W.B.; Boer, de J.M.; Borm, T.J.A.; Kloosterman, B.A.; Eck, van H.J.; Datema, E.; Goverse, A.; Ham, van R.C.H.J.; Visser, R.G.F.
Date 2011
Reference(s) Laboratorium voor Nematologie, Bio-informatica, Laboratorium voor Plantenveredeling, PRI BIOS Metabolic Regulation, WUR Plant Breeding, Extern overig, Laboratory of Nematology, Bio-informatics, Laboratory of Plant Breeding, PRI BIOS Metabolic Regulation, WUR Plant Breeding, Extern other
Language English
Type Article
Abstract Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is the world’s most important non-grain food crop and is central to global food security. It is clonally propagated, highly heterozygous, autotetraploid, and suffers acute inbreeding depression. Here we use a homozygous doubled-monoploid potato clone to sequence and assemble 86% of the 844-megabase genome. We predict 39,031 protein-coding genes and present evidence for at least two genome duplication events indicative of a palaeopolyploid origin. As the first genome sequence of an asterid, the potato genome reveals 2,642 genes specific to this large angiosperm clade. We also sequenced a heterozygous diploid clone and show that gene presence/absence variants and other potentially deleterious mutations occur frequently and are a likely cause of inbreeding depression. Gene family expansion, tissue-specific expression and recruitment of genes to new pathways contributed to the evolution of tuber development. The potato genome sequence provides a platform for genetic improvement of this vital crop
Persistent Identifier urn:nbn:nl:ui:32-407783
Metadata XML
Source Wageningen University & Research Centre

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