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Methyl salicylate production in tomato affects biotic interactions (2010)

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Title Methyl salicylate production in tomato affects biotic interactions
Published in Plant Journal, Vol. 62, No. 1, p.124-134. ISSN 09607412.
Author K. Ament; V. Krasikov; S. Allmann; M. Rep; F.L.W. Takken; R.C. Schuurink
Date 2010
Language English
Type Article
Abstract The role of methyl salicylate (MeSA) production was studied in indirect and direct defence responses of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) to the spider mite Tetranychus urticae and the root-invading fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici, respectively. To this end, we silenced the tomato gene encoding salicylic acid methyl transferase (SAMT). Silencing of SAMT led to a major reduction in SAMT expression and MeSA emission upon herbivory by spider mites, without affecting the induced emission of other volatiles (terpenoids). The predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis, which preys on T. urticae, could not discriminate between infested and non-infested SAMT-silenced lines, as it could for wild-type tomato plants. Moreover, when given the choice between infested SAMT-silenced and infested wild-type plants, they preferred the latter. These findings are supportive of a major role for MeSA in this indirect defence response of tomato. SAMT-silenced tomato plants were less susceptible to a virulent strain of F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici, indicating that the direct defense responses in the roots are also affected in these plants. Our studies show that the conversion of SA to MeSA can affect both direct and indirect plant defence responses.
Publication http://dare.uva.nl/record/369075
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Persistent Identifier urn:nbn:nl:ui:29-369075
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Repository University of Amsterdam

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