Process and Structure: interactions, changes & integration
01 / 1997 - unknown
METIS Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
Towards an integrating perspective: managing 'multiple voices', 'multiplefaces'.The research from and organizational science perspective focus on thebasic problems of structures and processes within and between theorganizations, and on the interfaces between organization and environments. Thekey concepts employed in the construction of theory based approaches inexplaining organizational processes include the concepts of interactions,changes and integration and allowing for consulting, diagnosis, conflicthandling, negotiation, intervention and change. The multiple paradigms inquestion are being developed in order to account for the phenomena labelled asnetworking, hierarchy persistence, transaction costs and the accelerated rateof organizational learning and change in an age of real-time instant-accessinformational technologies, frame breaking of mono-disciplines and so on.Paradigm discussion, logic debate and ethical procedures are inherent questionsin this theory construction. The point is to provide an explanatory basis forthe families of theories concerning social organizations and institutions(socialization and acculturation), and the interfaces between markets andhierarchies (enterprises, governments, public authorities).The abovementioned paradigmatic construction of theories of organizational change isrelated to methodological frames which have been emerging in the social andorganizational sciences over the past decade (e.g. Weick, Guba & Lincoln,Erlandson, et al.) and which have been developed autonomously by theOrganizational & Personnel Sciences Department guiding concepts like socialintegration, transactions and coordination. The development of methodologies,constructs and families of theories (discussed in literature underpostmodernist and social-constructive headings) is being completed by a numberof cross-cultural and comparative approaches which allow the research projectsto include comparative data, cross-border effects and to describe the logic ofstructured interactions, the role of the ethical negotiations within theorganizational realities and, in general, processes of 'sensemaking' inorganizations, i.e. of constructing organizational realities. At the presentstage of research there are advanced method-developing projects in diagnostics,negotiating, conflict management, intervention, social simulation, change,organising, governance structures of employment relationships, culture-studyand modalities of infrastructures.The emergent research paradigm in thesciences of management should result in the eloboration of new methodologiesallowing to grasp the behavioral processes of organizing realities withinorganizations, and to explain recent processes of global networking and, oftenlocally, shifting configurations and constellations of institutional actors.Applications or empirical research in specific social settings is thereforenecessary. From this perspective we elaborate and stimulate cross-cultural,trans- & inter-national, glo-local (globalization) and local comparativestudies. it is to be expected that this trend to focus on internationalcomparisons will become more pronounced in the course of empiricalverifications of the newly emerging theories of managing the organizational andsocial change and - last not least - as a result of the increased number ofcase studies primarily within the ECC, but also with the European(postcommunist), Asian and US businesses and research institutions. Due to thestress on comparative studies it is to be expected that the research resultscan contribute towards the explanation of the organizational infrastructure ofthe processes of organizational learning and change and the new generation ofglobalization processes.