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Breathe in life: Intrapersonal determinants of quality of life and smoking...

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Title Breathe in life: Intrapersonal determinants of quality of life and smoking behaviour in adolescents with asthma
Period 04 / 2004 - 04 / 2008
Status Completed
Dissertation Yes
Research number OND1298338
Data Supplier Website BSI

Abstract

Research has demonstrated that smoking is associated with the progression of asthmatic symptoms and the development of COPD. The prevention of smoking among asthmatic adolescents can be expected to significantly reduce asthma severity and the risk of developing COPD. However, in the Netherlands , little is known about (a) the prevalence of asthma among adolescents and (b) smoking behavior of asthmatic adolescents. Furthermore, whether the general predictors of smoking onset in non-asthmatic adolescents are also important in asthmatic adolescents, or whether specific risk factors apply to asthmatic adolescents, are questions that remain unanswered. Insight into these issues is crucial for the development of effective smoking prevention programs for asthmatic adolescents. In particular, because recent international studies showed that tobacco use is similar, or even higher, among asthmatic adolescents than among non-asthmatic adolescents. These findings are alarming especially because of the detrimental health consequences of smoking for asthmatic persons in the short and long run. Therefore, the focus of the present dissertation is on predictors of smoking in asthmatic adolescents. More specifically, this thesis will concentrate on the role of general risk factors and asthma-specific risk factors in the development of smoking in asthmatic adolescents. The doctoral dissertation will consist of an overview of the literature, five empirical articles, and a discussion section.

Abstract (NL)

Jongeren met astma roken net zo vaak of zelfs vaker dan hun leeftijdsgenoten zonder astma. Psychologe Monique van de Ven deed meerjarig onderzoek onder ruim tienduizend scholieren in het voortgezet onderwijs. Meisjes met astma beginnen makkelijker met roken dan meisjes zonder astma, bij jongens is dit juist andersom. Moeders van jongeren met astma hebben een belangrijke rol: als zij rookt, zijn jongeren met astma eerder geneigd te roken dan gezonde jongeren met een rokende moeder. Als jongeren met astma roken, dan worden ze ook sneller regelmatige rokers. Andersom geldt het ook: rokende jongeren hebben een verhoogde kans om astma te ontwikkelen, zelfs wanneer ze vroeg in de puberteit pas korte tijd roken. Vooral rokende meisjes en rokende jongeren met een rokende moeder hebben eerder last van astma.

Related organisations

Related people

Supervisor Prof.dr. R.C.M.E. Engels
Co-supervisor Dr. R.J.J.M. van den Eijnden
Doctoral/PhD student Dr. M.O.M. van de Ven

Classification

A75000 Health education
A82200 Social integration and social structure
D24200 Health education, prevention
D54000 Pedagogics

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