Het begrijpen van nieuwe raamwerken mbt leerontwerp (UNFOLD)
01 / 2004 - 12 / 2005
Aims The UNFOLD project intends to enable Europe to take the lead in creation and exploitation of next generation Learning systems. Specifically, we seek to overcome the limitations of the current generation of eLearning systems by accelerating the adoption, implementation, use and further development of open standards that: - support multiple as well as single learners - support a wide range of present, as well as future, pedagogical models. Rationale The key aspect for the development of eLearning is that it supports better learning. Furthermore, future progress in eLearning depends on the adoption of open standards, but so far these limit eLearning to a relatively simple, single learner, ?deliver-and-test? approach, and are a step backwards if we were to considerer them from a pedagogic perspective alone. Recent developments though, open the door to sophisticated and diverse pedagogical approaches to eLearning. This is the case with the Educational Modelling Language (EML), established by the Open University of the Netherlands (OUNL), which has been adapted and turned into an IMS Global Learning Consortium specification, named IMS Learning Design (LD). Besides the new aspects which support pedagogically better learning, LD integrates a number of existing eLearning standard specifications, such as IEEE Learning Object Metadata (LOM) ? originated in the European Ariadne project -, content packaging, simple sequencing, Question and Test Interoperability (QTI)? However, there is a significant gap between the release of a new specification and the full realisation of its potential benefits in the teaching and learning practice. UNFOLD will: 1 Reduce the time taken in realising the benefits of flexible open eLearning standards in Europe. 2 Create an engine for the continuing development of European eLearning practice. 3 Provide a model for the rapid realisation of the full benefits of any other eLearning specification. The challenge The definition, implementation and adoption of standards in eLearning involves a hierarchy of groups with very different roles, and highly divergent discourses. They are also relatively few in number and geographically widely distributed. As a result: - researchers are often not in contact with their peers - there is a lack of vertical communication between groups - there is poor communication with other disciplines. Consequently adoption of standards is slow, and critical mass is hard to achieve. At the same time feedback from users, teachers and learners, is not provided to developers and implementers who need it to produce more effective solutions. Objectives In order to address these challenges UNFOLD will build on existing collaboration to create an open coordination framework, which will create and facilitate communities of practice for the actors involved, and through these: - exchange and disseminate examples of good practice - agree consistent interpretations and usage of specifications to establish working interoperability - provide a focus for studies of issues raised by the specification, implementation and use of eLearning educational standards, in the context of enhancing learning and better pedagogy.