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Water, Wetlands and Agriculture

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Titel Water, Wetlands and Agriculture
Looptijd 01 / 2006 - 12 / 2009
Status Afgesloten
Onderzoeknummer OND1313773

Samenvatting



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Samenvatting (EN)

[Problem statement and owner]:
The Ministry of LNV represents the Government of the Netherlands at the Ramsar Convention and has agreed at the COP VIII, Valencia, Spain, 2002, to support implementation of Resolution VIII.34, which calls for improved integration of agriculture, wetlands and water resource management. The Resolution among others calls for the generation of a framework and guidelines for agriculture-wetlands relations to support the implementation of the Resolution. This commitment was reaffirmed at the COP IX meeting, Kampala, Uganda, 2005 with the request at the Ramsar Bureau to produce the guidelines at the COP X meeting in 2008. The framework and guidelines also aim to support the implementation of the recommendations of the FAO-Dutch government Conference on Water, Food and Ecosystems held in the Netherlands January 2005. Wageningen UR therefore cooperates closely with FAO but also with other international partners IWMI, Wetlands International, Wetland Action and Medwet to produce this framework and guidelines. To clarify the roles and contributions of each partner the GAWI (Guidance document on Agriculture Wetlands Interactions) the Water Wetands and Agriculture (WWA) project was formulated. The contribution of WUR is provided through the WWA project financed by the Ministry of LNV. Guidance to the GAWI project is provided by the Scientific and Strategic Research Panel (STRP) of the Ramsar Convention.
The Swiss and Slovenian governments have been approached and are positive about financially supporting the State of the Art Conference.
The WWA project is relevant for the Government of the Netherlands, including LNV, as well as for the governments of the 140-odd other Ramsar convention members. The WWA project s relevance is also to contribute to more sustainable management of wetlands in relation to agriculture in general.
The need to develop a framework and guidelines for sustainable agriculture-wetland interactions emerged from the discussions in the Conference of Contracting Parties of the Ramsar Convention in 2002 and 2005 and from the FAO-LNV Conference on water, food and ecosystems in 2005. The Dutch government actively promoted the endorsement of the relevant resolution and the elaboration of the guidelines at the COP of the Ramsar Convention.
The elaboration of the framework and guidelines is a task which goes surely beyond the capacities and financial possibilities of WUR in the frame of the BO International program. LNV therefore stimulated WUR to establish a consortium with FAO, IWMI, Ramsar, MedWet and other expert organisations to work jointly on the elaboration of the framework and guidelines. This consortium operates under the name GAWI, Guidelines for Wetland Agriculture Interactions. The GAWI team has elaborated a workplan and the document Towards a framework for guidelines to manage wetland agriculture interactions . These documents among others set out the tasks and contributions of each of the partners including the contribution of WUR; which is reflected in the underlying proposal for BO International.
The elaboration of the framework document and guidelines is a challenging endeavour and would be impossible to achieve by WUR alone. The strong cooperation and commitment of all partners within GAWI generates the required energy and expertise to produce the guidelines, although further elaboration is needed e.g. on the level of detail of the guidelines. The ongoing discussions between partners with an agronomic background (including FAO) and partners with a merely ecological background to jointly produce the guidelines are stimulating and as such already add value.
Currently an analysis of good and bad practices of agriculture-wetland interactions is ongoing and needs to be finalised by the end of this year. For the purpose of these analyses the DPSIR framework was adjusted to and adopted by all GAWI partners. The framework document that will be elaborated on the base of the current analyses will be discussed at the proposed State of the Art Conference for which a selected group of policy makers, wetland experts, agricultural experts and wetland managers will be invited to discuss the scope and content of the guidelines. The framework document currently being elaborated will describe the state of, and issues in, sustainable agriculture-wetlands interactions. The principal scope and purpose of the framework document is to:
provide a shared analytical framework to deal with the complex of biophysical and socio-economic interrelations across the globe that characterize the agriculture, wetlands and water resources interactions;
present a consolidated and comprehensive overview of the main issues affecting, and the state of, agriculture wetlands interactions, by applying the analytical framework on a set of characteristic agriculture-wetlands systems;
recommend the main issues and responses in sustainable agriculture-wetlands interactions to be adopted in the guidelines and to be discussed and endorsed by the expert meeting on agriculture-wetlands-water resources interactions in late 2006/early 2007.
[Objectives]:
The goal of the WWA project is to support the implementation of the policies and obligations of the Dutch government towards the Ramsar Convention and to support the implementation of Ramsar Resolution VIII.34 and to contribute to achieving sustainable management of wetlands-agriculture relations.
The project s purpose is to generate, in close cooperation with international organisations as IWMI, FAO, and WI, and under guidance of the STRP of the Ramsar convention, a framework and set of guidelines on the management of wetland-agriculture relations.
[Outputs 2007]:
The following outputs will be realised in 2007:
Strengthened GAWI network and cooperation with the GAWI partners.
Framework document on wetland-agriculture relations (together with GAWI partners)
State of the Art Conference on Wetland-Agriculture Relations (together with GAWI partners)
Draft guidelines on sustainable wetland-agriculture interactions
Article in international, peer-reviewed journal presenting the results of the analyse of wetland agriculture interactions and clarifying the methodological aspects and the ways of cooperation.
Increased capacities on sustainable management of wetland-agriculture systems through:
Curriculum developed and Masterclass held on peat swamp wetland management. The masterclass will be held in South East Asia and the target audience will be high level decision takers from South East Asia.
Integration of curricula of International Course on Wetland Management and ICLD course
Clearing house on sustainable wetland-agriculture interactions functioning as asked for by the Ramsar Bureau (and supported by LNV)
PR material developed
Support policy making on sustainable management of wetlands and agriculture systems by providing advice and feed back to LNV policy makers.
[Activities in 2007]:
To achieve the outputs the following activities are planned:
Project coordination and liaise with GAWI partners and the STRP of Ramsar, including participation in GAWI project team meetings overseas
Analyses of wetland-agriculture interactions using the adapted DPSIR framework
Elaboration of the framework document as input to the State of the Art Conference to be held in the spring of 2007.
Contribution to the organisation of the State of the Art Conference on wetland-agriculture relations, scheduled for spring 2007. The State of the Art Conference aims to discuss the draft framework and should provide input to the elaboration of the guidelines.
Reporting on the State of the Art Conference and elaborate the draft guidelines on wetland-agriculture interactions
Discussions with FAO, Ramsar Scientific and Technical Review Panel, Ministry of LNV and partners on the scope and level of detail of the guidelines
Co-authorship of one publication on wetland-agriculture relations in an international, peer-reviewed journal, e.g. Journal of Environmental Management
Development of the curriculum of a Masterclass on wetland-agriculture management, in particular peat swamps, and participation in the actual implementation of the Masterclass (cooperation with the Peat Wise project, financed by EU)
Development of the curriculum for the integrated wetland management course
Information dissemination through existing websites (among others the existing web site on water, food and environment) and a brochure
Direct support to LNV policy makers performing in the Ramsar Convention STRP and the CBD
Establishment of a clearing house combined with the web site to be established

Betrokken organisaties

Betrokken personen

Projectleider Dr. A. Schrevel

Bovenliggende onderzoeksactiviteit(en)

Classificatie

A14000 Natuur en landschap
D22400 Ecologie

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