KNAW

Onderzoek

Horticultural reseach cooperation between Indonesia and The Netherlands (HORTIN)

Pagina-navigatie:


Wijzig gegevens


Titel Horticultural reseach cooperation between Indonesia and The Netherlands (HORTIN)
Looptijd 01 / 2006 - 12 / 2006
Status Afgesloten
URL http://www.kennisonline.wur.nl/BO/BO-10/006/31/beschrijving.htm
Onderzoeknummer OND1313816

Samenvatting (EN)

[Goal]:
Goal is to strengthen Indonesian horticultural research through joint research, capacity and institution building, and in this way to encourage research activities that are interesting for public-private partnerships. Ultimately this should stimulate trade relations between Indonesia and the Netherlands.
[Purpose]
HORTIN aims at research for development in a genuine partnership, starting from the research and agribusiness priorities of both countries. It endeavours to stimulate private-private partnerships, attract donors, and so assures the transfer of knowledge to practice.
Focus of the programme is on strategic and applied research in horticulture. Emphasis is on upstream research (plant starting material, breeding), sustainable production and downstream research (product quality and food safety). A strong involvement of the private sector will encourage tailor-made research and application in practice.
Activities
Themes
The projects can be grouped under four themes:
Theme 1: Plant starting materials
Seed is an important vector in the transmission of diseases from one crop generation to another. Very little is known of the diseases occurring in Indonesian horticulture. This knowledge is essential to decide how to lower the enormous disease pressure, which is so typical for tropical horticulture.
A well-structured and documented collection of indigenous and other tropical ornamentals forms the basis for the creation of novel ornamentals. HORTIN aims at assisting Indonesia to develop such a management system for ornamental genetic resources.
Theme 2: Breeding
HORTIN s philosophy is that with the developing private sector, the AARD-institutes will follow the international trend by gradually shifting their attention to the more fundamental aspects of breeding. Much extra support will be needed for that shift. HORTIN provides a contribution through the introduction of haploid technologies, which are essential for the development of genetic maps and the creation of F1 hybrid seeds.
Theme 3: Production
Protecting crops against the adverse influence of the climate is one of the most efficient ways to improve crop performance, quality and yields. With protected cultivation, integrated pest and nutrient management are becoming realistic options. Production under protection has also its drawbacks: less light, higher temperature, lower humidity, problematic insects such as thrips. All crops under plastic, vegetables as well as flowers, suffer from various species of thrips. HORTIN aims at a better plastic house design, which can be constructed locally, and which will be economically interesting for farmers to adopt.
Up to present, mushroom cultivation has had no scientific support in Indonesia. We will try to develop a centre of expertise on mushroom genetics and production at IVEGRI. Collection, conservation and identification of germ plasm, modern breeding and selection methods, improved substrates, production of spawn, all aspects need attention.
Theme 4: Quality and safety
Low quality products may not only fetch a lower price, they may also be impossible to sell. Especially in the higher market segment, which in part is to be exported, whole shipments may become rejected and trade relations disturbed for longer periods, when producers and exporters are not able to deliver the quality required. The economic damage may be much larger than the loss incurred by the product itself.
In fruits the damage caused by fruit flies is often considerable. The use of insecticides on fresh produce is no tenable option. Alternatives need to be found and may be provided by biological approaches, like those using insect pheromones in lure & kill methods or by using natural bio-active compounds.
WHO has classified Indonesia as one of several countries in SE Asia with insufficient food safety. Product safety (prevention of food-borne illness) and product quality (increased shelf-life and improved texture, flavour, and colour) can be controlled in the vegetable supply chain by developing in-house food safety and quality programmes. HORTIN will start with an inventory of the problems through a hazard analysis and the identification of critical control points, the HACCP-approach. Protocols will be developed that are at the same time effective and practically applicable.
The timeframes of the activities for the years 2003 2006 are described in the original project documents of 2003.
[Results]:
Expected outputs
The expected outputs of the project have been described in nine project workplans, which can be consulted in the HORTIN workplan 2006. They centre around the common outputs:
- Knowledge generation
- Knowledge dissemination
- Institution building
- Networking
- Facilitation of B2B relationships

Betrokken organisaties

Betrokken personen

Projectleider Ir. W.J. van der Burg

Bovenliggende onderzoeksactiviteit(en)

Classificatie

A21000 Landbouw en tuinbouw
C20000 Ontwikkelingsstudies
D22500 Plantkunde

Omhoog
Ga terug naar de inhoud
Ga terug naar de site navigatie