WALIR is coordinated by Wageningen University (IWE) and co- supervised by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN/ECLAC), and implemented in co- operation with counterpart research institutions in Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, Mexico, France, The Netherlands and the USA. The program analyzes water rights and customary management modes of indigenous and peasant communities and sheds light on how these are legally and materially discriminated against by national law and policies. The aim is to contribute to structural recognition of indigenous and customary water rights and management rules in national legislation, and to support more equitable and democratic water policies. The strategy builds upon academic investigation, action-research and capacity-building. WALIR researchers form a think-tank to critically inform debates on local rights in water legislation and water policy. While research also covers (comparative) cases of Mexico and the United States, its main focus of action is in the Andean countries.