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Mitigation of Water Stress through new Approaches to Integrating...

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Titel Mitigation of Water Stress through new Approaches to Integrating Management, Technical, Economic and Institutional Instruments (AQUASTRESS)
Looptijd 01 / 2005 - onbekend
Status Afgesloten
URL http://www.aquastress.net/
Onderzoeknummer OND1315163

Samenvatting

Doel:
Het formuleren en toepassen van waterbesparende maatregelen in gebieden met waterschaarste (competing claims on water, food and ecosystems).

Resultaten:
Bijdragen Alterra:

- Het model Criwar is voorzien van een irrigation water management module;
- Het model Hydrosplash is softwarematig sterk geoptimaliseerd;
- Er zijn opties gedefinieerd over hoe om te gaan met (irrigatie)watertekorten (water stress options);
- In Marokko en op Sardinië zijn modelberekeningen ingezet voor twee irrigatielandbouwgebieden, op basis van beschikbare of te verzamelen data;
- Daarnaast is Alterra ook actief in andere onderdelen van het AquaStressproject, waar deze kennis en resultaten beschikbaar worden gesteld aan een breed Europees netwerk. Dit gebeurt middels documenten, modellen, websites (www.aquastress.net) en i3S (Integrated Solution Support System).

Publicaties bij dit project zijn beschikbaar via deze Link

Samenvatting (EN)

Water stress is a global problem with far-reaching economic and social implications. The mitigation of water stress at regional scale depends not just on technological innovations, but also on the development of new integrated water management tools and decision-making practices.

AquaStress is an FP6 EU funded integrated project (IP) delivering interdisciplinary methodologies enabling actors at different levels of involvement and at different stages of the planning process to mitigate water stress problems. The project draws on both academic and practitioner skills to generate knowledge in technological, operational management, policy, socio-economic, and environmental domains. Contributions come from 35 renowned organizations, including SMEs, from 17 Countries.

AquaStress generates scientific innovations to improve the understanding of water stress from an integrated multisectoral perspective to support:

- diagnosis and characterisation of sources and causes of water stress;
- assessment of the effectiveness of water stress management measures and development of new tailored options;
- development of supporting methods and tools to evaluate different mitigation options and their potential interactions;
- development and dissemination of guidelines, protocols, and policies;
- development of a participatory process to implement solutions tailored to environmental, cultural, economic and institutional settings;
- identification of barriers to policy mechanism implementation;
- continuous involvement of citizens and institutions within a social learning process that promotes new forms of water culture and nurtures long-term change and social adaptivity.

AquaStress adopts a Case Study - stakeholder driven approach and is organised in three phases; (i) characterisation of selected reference sites and relative water stress problems, (ii) collaborative identification of preferred solution options, (iii) testing of solutions according to stakeholder interests and expectations. It makes a major contribution to the European Communities objectives stated in the Framework Programme 6th, and supporting the Community Directive 2000/60/EC and the EU Water Initiative.
Alterra contributes to the project with its knowledge on water stress options, modelling of crop water requirements and modelling techniques. With the contribution of KB 1.5 the following results were established in 2006:

- The existing Criwar model (Bos et al., 1995) was extended with a module to optimize irrigation scheduling;
- The Hydrosplash model has been further developed to handle large scale areas within acceptable calculation times;
- The models and input files are prepared for application in Morocco (Tadla) and Sardinia (Flumendosa) in combination with Remote Sensing techniques;
- Contributions to the Aquastress water stress options have been made (see www.aquastress.net)

Betrokken organisaties

Overige betrokken organisaties

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy
University of Reading, United Kingdom
Rijksinstituut voor Integraal Zoetwaterbeheer en Afvalwaterbehandeling
Cranfield University, United Kingdom
University of Piraeus, Greece
University College London, United Kingdom
Universität Osnabrück, Germany
Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Germany
Centre National du Machinisme Agricole, France
Natural Environment Research Council , United Kingdom
Universität Hannover, Germany
University of Exeter, United Kingdom
Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
APA NOVA Bucuresti A Veolia Water Company, Romania
GEONARDO Environmental Technologies Ltd, Hungary
Stichting Waterloopkundig Laboratorium, Delft
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast-natuurwetenschappelijk onderzoek
Agenzia per la Promozione della Ricerca Europea, Italy
National Technical University of Athens, Greece
International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo of Bari, Italy
Hydrodata SpA, Italy
Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, France
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, France
HIDROMOD, Modelação em Engenharia, Lda, Portugal
DHI Water & Environment , Denmark
Wageningen Universiteit
Innovation & Development Consulting Sprl, Belgium
Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, Portugal
Hydrocontrol Centro di Ricercae Formazione per il Controllo dei Sistemi Idrici Scrl, Italy
Politechnika Krakowska , Poland
University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Bulgaria
Aeoliki Foundation , Cyprus
Institut National d'Agronomie de Tunisie, Tunisia
Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Marocco

Betrokken personen

Projectleider Ir. C. Jacobs

Bovenliggende onderzoeksactiviteit(en)

Classificatie

A12000 Oppervlaktewater en grondwater
D15600 Hydrosfeerwetenschappen

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