LocationEthiopia StrategyA demonstration trial is realized that:shows the advantages with regards to water use, production, product quality, and crop health,serves as a platform for exchange of experiences between farmers and scientists,generates data that can be used to design large-scale greenhouses.Growers in Ethiopia usually display a careful investment behaviour. Investments in an advanced fertigation system will require that growers are convinced of its advantages. The demonstration trial will serve as a information tool that shows the advantages.A water-efficient system is designed and implemented, based on water-collection, use of substrates, recirculation and an optimized fertigation regime. In line with ex-ante evaluation, the technology is carefully matched with the realistically expected technology step that can be realized in Ethiopia. It is avoided that state-of-the-art technology is blindly implemented.The full potential of a water-efficient system is only utilized if this is matched by improvement of other elements of the production system. General greenhouse quality and cultivation techniques are therefore optimized. It is most likely not necessary to introduce state-of-the-art greenhouses, however, enhancement of structures will be necessary.Involvement of growers, governmental bodies, and other sectors in the Ethiopian society ensures shared ownership of the effort to find solutions to the water issue. Associated with this, capacity building in Ethiopia ensures continuation after the life-time of the project.Where possible, experiences from other countries (e.g., Kenya) will be used.The importance of the environment for the Ethiopian society as a whole, and the risks and additional costs that are associated with the evaluation of new production systems, justify partial public funding. In return, the risk of environmental degradation is reduced, and other people than the grower have access to the new greenhouses and experimental results.A special information and experience sharing sub-project will be started. This will comprise information on expected (ranges) of technical, economical, environmental and social performance. This information will be based on an ex-ante evaluation of the projects.Co-financing of the greenhouses should be sought from the private sector and other funds.The project is broad on both sides: on the one hand, each consortium consist of 4-5 industrial partners, while on the other hand, the demonstration trial is open to all farmers.Synergy is sought with: Other projects in the Ethiopia-Netherlands Horticulture Partnership Programme, which are funded by LNV and DGIS-WSSD. The Partnerships Programme all address different aspects of the Horticultural Sector, and complement each other.`Research and Development Plan for the Introduction of IPM in the Ethiopian Rose Sector¿. Intimate knowledge of crop behaviour is shared by the two projects. Also, the water balance influences the development of fungi (e.g., mildew), which therefore need adjusted management.`Ecosystems for water, food and economic development in the Ethiopian Central Rift valley¿ (BO-10-006-22).Other international projects that focus on improvement of water-use efficiency. Activities in 20081. Generate several private industry consortia that lead the development and construction of a demonstration-type water-efficient greenhouse for Ethiopian conditions. 2. Discuss with a farmer working group criteria for greenhouse design.3. Match farmers and private industry, and realize the demonstration greenhouse. The technological level of cultivation techniques should match the technological level of the greenhouse.4. Collect, process and interpret data on a wide variety of characters that are related to the greenhouse, climate, water use, crop behaviour and production.5. Involve other parties of the Ethiopian society that are engaged in sustainable use of water resources. Timeframe Activities 2008JFMAMJJASOND1Generate consortia 2Establish criteria for greenhouse design 3Match farmers and private industry, and realize greenhouse 4Collect, process and interpret data 5Involve other parties of the Ethiopian society Outputs, Timeframe, Responsibilities and Budget breakdown over outputs and activities 2008 Project title and number: Tropical Horticulture in Malaysia (AZ10) Budget (k¿)NrExpected outputs 2008Main activities required to achieve outputsBy whom WhenPersonnelMaterials & operational costsOther costsTotal12 consortiaGenerate consortia 5 2Design and construction of 2 greenhousesDiscuss with farmer working group criteria for greenhouse design 53 Match farmers and private industry Realize demonstration greenhouse 3Key parametersCollect, process and interpret data 203 4Greater knowledge with stakeholdersInvolve other parties of the Ethiopian society 82 TOTAL COSTS 4010 50 LNV CONTRIBUTION 50 CO-FUNDING (IF APPLICABLE) (SOURCE: ¿¿¿¿¿¿¿.) - Planned outputs 20081. Two consortia of Dutch greenhouse industry partners that are willing to invest in the development of a water-efficient greenhouse.2. Design and construction of two greenhouses (`low¿ and `high¿ level of technology) that optimize water use.3. Key parameters characterizing the improved system that can be applied by other growers in Ethiopia.4. Greater knowledge with farm owners, farm managers, researchers, governmental bodies, and other sectors in the Ethiopian society. Long-term outputs5. More refined key parameters characterizing the improved system that can be applied by other growers in Ethiopia.6. A higher water-use efficiency in Ethiopian greenhouse horticulture.7. Cultivation techniques that enable the full potential of the water-efficient system.8. Better production and product quality.9. A reduced risk of environmental degradation as a consequence of over-exploitation of water resources.
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