Coins from a Roman army camp in the frontier zone in Lower Germany. Distribution, circulation, use and function of Roman and Celtic coins at the Kops Plateau in Nijmegen
01 / 2005 - 12 / 2009
In the period from circa 12 BC until 69 AD three successive Roman army camps existed at the Kops Plateau. These were excavated by the Rijksdienst voor het Oudheidkundig Bodemonderzoek (ROB). Horse stables, three encampments for auxiliaries and a cemetery were discovered outside the ditches of the fortifications. In total the site yielded 5340 coins, which make it the largest coin complex in the Netherlands to date. The first phase of the camp at the Kops Plateau belongs to one of the earliest Roman military strongholds in the Lower Rhine area and it possibly played an important role in the Germania policy of Augustus, who undertook military campaigns east of the Rhine between circa 12 BC and AD 16 in an attempt to conquer Germania. Objective of the study is to gain an insight into the processes of coin loss and coin use within the Roman army camps at the Kops Plateau. The study also aims at gaining a clear understanding of the functional, economic and historical processes that influenced the coming about of the coin complex. The Kops Plateau can of course not be regarded as an island, the research will therefore also pay attention to developments in the surrounding area. First of all Nijmegen and the Dutch eastern river area and on a higher level, the Lower Rhine area.