Iranian Orientalism: Notions of Other in Modern Iranian literature
12 / 2010 - onbekend
Mohammed Alsulami s PhD project investigates notions of the Other in modern Iranian literature, particularly the way that Iranian romantic nationalists praise pre-Islamic Persian glory, and magnify anti-Arab movements in their literary production of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Early in the nineteenth century, several Iranians, who traveled to the West for educational purposes and/or serving as the Iranian government representatives, wrote about Iran as a backward and powerless country, as compared to Western technological progress and advancement. This backward position of Iran led some Iranian intellectuals to opine in historiography, novels and short stories that Islam and Arabs were one of the fundamental reasons for their country s backwardness. To create a new Iranian cultural identity, Iranian intellectuals used stereotypical descriptions of the Arabs, which occur in both Arabic and Persian texts of the early Islamic period (9th-11th centuries).