A Cross-Level Perspective on Relational Demography, Distributed Information, and Individual Performance
01 / 2012 - 01 / 2015
Whereas research mainly has focused on the effect of demographic differences on group performance, no research has investigated yet within group differences in individual performance as a factor of demographic differences. Our experimental and field research will provide an answer for (1) how being different affects individual performance of minority group members and majority group members within a group differently, (2) how the variation between statuses of different minority groups affect individual performance of the members of these groups, (3) how a type of status provides buffer against the detrimental effects of another type of status, (4) how the proportion of minority group members within a group affects these members performance, (5) how the access to distributed information mediates the effects of demographic differences on individual performance, and (6) how the accountability moderates the effects of demographic differences on individual performance. Studying these topics may help us identify the individuals most at risk for being less likely to benefit from the group context, and may encourage us to find an intervention technique to facilitate these individuals access to distributed information.