Overcoming the Faith-Reason Opposition: Pauline Pistis in Contemporary Philosophy
05 / 2012 - 04 / 2016
The (in)famous opposition between faith and reason plays a crucial role in contemporary debates on the role of religion in society. This opposition is marked by a conception of faith that excludes reason and of reason that excludes faith. Yet, it remains to be seen to what extent this opposition between faith and reason is sustainable from both a theological and a philosophic point of view. When we consider the religious origins of the notion of faith, is it indeed the case that it excludes every form of rationality? And when we look at philosophic accounts of reason, do they indeed exclude every form of faith? In this project, we will answer these questions in order to overcome the opposition between faith and reason. We will do so by examining what the notion of faith (pistis) means in the Letters of Saint Paul; we will examine how this notion is interpreted in present-day continental philosophy; and we will examine how it affects philosophic accounts of reason and rationality. We will do so in the following three projects: The first project examines why the present-day philosophers turn to Paul and what they hope to find there. The second project accounts for Paul's use of pistis and pisteuein by comparing his use with the way in which his philosophic contemporaries use them. The third project examines how Paul?s letters guide the development of the themes of attestation, testimony and declaration in present-day philosophy.